Blepharitis is a common inflammatory condition that affects the eyelids and may be associated with a bacterial infection, a generalized condition involving dry, flaky skin (seborrheic dermatitis) or acne rosacea. Though not contagious, Blepharitis is usually chronic but can easily be treated with proper daily eyelid hygiene.
Two forms of Blepharitis:
- Anterior Blepharitis affects the outer lids and normally occurs when a build-up of excess oil produced by the meibomian glands develops, creating a breeding ground for bacteria.
- Posterior Blepharitis/Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) develops when the meibomian glands become inflamed and a thick, paste-like substance (meibum) is secreted or no oil is produced at all.
Common symptoms (which may vary): itching, burning, scratchiness, foreign body sensation, excessive tearing, crusty scaling around the eyelashes, especially upon waking.
Options for care: Regular use of eyelid cleansers to gently remove oil and debris from your eyelids will help control these symptoms. To reduce ocular surface inflammation, anti-inflammatory therapies such as oral doxycycline may be prescribed.